Let’s give a big ol’ WG2E Welcome to Guest Susan Kaye Quinn who’s treating us to a four-part series on Self-Pub Basics!!!
Take it away, Susan…
Self-Pub Basics (1 of 4): Where to Publish
by Susan Kaye Quinn
Thank you D.D. for having me on WG2E!
More writers every day are going indie, and sharing information to help fellow journeymen/women is practically a Golden Rule in indie publishing (and writing in general). So I’ve worked up a series on the basics to get folks started – nuts and bolts like Where to Publish and Formatting (the Easy, the Hard, and the iTunes). Hopefully this will help smooth the kinks in the process and get you on your way!
Where to Publish
You’ve heard of the “Big Six” publishers (er, maybe now the “Big Five/Four”)? Well here are the “Big Four” online retailers that will make the largest deposits in your checking account: Amazon, Barnes&Noble, iBookstore/iTunes, Kobo*.
*Kobo is big in Canada and internationally, but also inked a deal to supply independent US bookstores with ereaders and a digital storefront.
Ebook Retailers and Distributors
Retailers are the people that sell your book directly to readers: they have a storefront, and they will pay you royalties for every sale. Distributors will send your book (often formatting and providing other services as well) to the retailers on your behalf. Distributors can often get you into retailers that do not have a direct-publishing option. Just to make things confusing, some places are distributors AND retailers.
(listed approximately in order of market size)
Retailers: Amazon, Barnes&Noble, iBookstore/iTunes, Kobo, Smashwords, Sony, Diesel
Distributors: Smashwords (who distributes to B&N, iTunes, Kobo, Sony, Diesel), Createspace (who now distributes both ebooks and print to Amazon) (there are others, but I don’t recommend them)
It’s more complicated than just that, but I’m trying to keep it simple. This is the BASICS tutorial, yes?
One thing first-time self-publishers need to be wary of are Vanity Publishers. The number and variety of these are multiplying faster than bunnies hyped on easter candy, so please be careful. Even Big Six Traditional Publishers are now getting into the Vanity Game, and many previously “respected” suppliers of writerly information (I’m looking at you, Writer’s Digest), are trying to cash in on the self-pub craze.
Here’s your Common Sense dose for the day:
- if someone is promising to do all the work for you, they will expect to make money for it. That money comes from you. There is no free lunch, and some people will try to rip you off.
Fortunately for you, “all the work” is not that hard. Figuring it out is, seriously, the hardest part, which is why I’m doing this series of posts to make it easier.
While some people like using Distributors, and they can be useful for some things (like getting into Apple, if you don’t own a Mac, or setting your book free on B&N by distributing it through Smash), I believe having direct control of your books is best (for updates, cover changes, price changes, and getting timely reports on sales). However, I tend to err on the side of wanting MORE control, not LESS, and not everyone works that way. Many people successfully use Distributors, and YMMV. /endcaveats
- Make accounts on the Big Four Retailers: Amazon (Kindle Direct Publishing), B&N (PubIt), iBookstore (iProducer), and Kobo (Kobo Writing Life)
- Format your book to meet their specs: Amazon (Mobi), Everyone Else (Epub)
- Upload to Smashwords for Direct Sales only, or use them for distribution, if you have a specific need that you think they can fulfill (like making a book free on B&N). Be wary of using them to distribute to retailers if you expect to make any changes in the future (it can take literally months for changes to update; it took two months for one of my books to pull down from Sony; some people have no problems with Smash, but I wasn’t one of them).
Smashwords Apologia: I don’t think the problems are entirely Smash’s fault, just understand that the more people involved, the less motivation there is to move along with a schedule that works for YOU. Smashwords is an innovative champion of self-publishers, and has recently added options to distribute to Baker&Taylor among other options. I’m agnostic on whether these are worthwhile, having seen no evidence one way or the other, but I greatly appreciate Mark Coker’s attempts to move these things forward for indie publishers.
Tips on Retailers and FREE books
Amazon: You cannot set your book to FREE on Amazon, unless you use Select (a program where you go exclusive with Amazon for 90 days, get a few free days, and make your book available in the library). However, Amazon will price match your ebook, so if it is set to FREE elsewhere, the Zon may match it. Or may not. This can cause complications if you have your pricing different on other retailers – Amazon never wants to be the highest price, and its bots will find you, even if it’s only a low-priced promotion on Sony. This is why I recommend not distributing through Smash, but only going where you have direct control over your pricing. (Note: Smash does not distribute to Amazon, even though it has it as an “option” – they are being optimistic about the future.)
B&N: You cannot set your book to FREE on B&N either, but if you distribute a free book through Smash, it may eventually be free on B&N as well.
Kobo: This retailer is new-kid-on-the-block and still working out some issues, but it’s an up-n-coming retailer. And you CAN set your book to FREE there, which is great. Except they don’t report downloads (not so great). Note: I recommend uploading an epub directly to them, not a Word document, because their conversion software stinks.
Apple: They will allow you to set your book to FREE, which is awesome. And they report downloads! (sort of) They’re difficult (but not impossible) to navigate to load directly (more on that later in an upcoming post) – you may want to use Smash to distribute to them. However, once again, there’s problems with that too (delayed uploads/price changes).
What about Print?
There are three main ways you can get your print book into the wild: Createspace, Lightning Source, and a small print run of your own.
Hint: Having a print book is great for signings, author ego, and libraries. You are unlikely to be in a bookstore, unless your mom owns it, and maybe not even then. If you do get into bookstores, it will likely cost you an arm and a leg in returns (because bookstores will only take books on a return basis).
Another hint: print is not necessary to your bottom line, in fact, it can gobble up all your profits, if you’re not careful. Of the many sales I’ve had with the Mindjack Trilogy so far, less than 5% come from print (note: there are always exceptions).
Pros: easy, zero cost to upload, minimal cost for print proofs ($10 or less), distributes to Amazon with no hiccups (because Amazon owns them), quality is good, free ISBN, now makes your print book available overseas!
Cons: Have to pay $35 for extended distribution to get your paper book on Barnes&Noble.com as well as other paper book distributors; will not do bookstore returns, which is why bookstores will not carry them.
Pros: some people report higher quality, gives option of “returns” which means B&N will consider stocking (maybe), access to Baker&Taylor (wholesaler)
Cons: difficult to navigate, higher cost to upload and get print proofs, requires publisher name (“DBA=Doing Business As”)*, must pay for ISBN, sometimes has delays distributing to Amazon.
*may require incorporation in some states
If you’re contemplating a small print run, make sure that you plan for print books to be a large part of your marketing effort. They are difficult to move without access to a bookstore.
- Use Createspace: it’s easy to produce a high quality book for practically zero upload/proof cost.
- If you really want to be in B&N online store with a print book, pay the $35 for extended distribution; otherwise skip it.
- Order a few author copies to have on hand. Use Paypal to offer signed copies to fans.
- Forget about making lots of print sales or getting into bookstores. You’re an indie author – ebooks are your bread and butter.